Some of the revolutionary leaders had studied important Enlightenment writings, including those of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Baron de Montesquieu. Among these thinkers, the founders align themselves with new political concepts such as the social contract, limited government, the approval of the governed and the separation of powers. Stalemated wars often end in wars retaining what they had when a ceasefire was concluded. If the outcome had been determined by a European Peace Conference, Britain would probably have retained Canada, the transappalachen vests, part of present-day Maine, New York City and Long Island, Georgia and much of South Carolina, Florida (acquired in a previous war by Spain) and several Caribbean islands. To preserve this great empire that would have surrounded the tiny United States, Britain only had to avoid decisive losses in 1781. But Cornwallis` crushing defeat at Yorktown in October cost Britain everything except Canada. In August 1776, during its first test on Long Island, the Continental Army was led under the party, because Washington failed to recognize properly and tried to defend a territory too large for the size of its army. To some extent, Washington`s near-fatal inability to make quick decisions led to the November losses from Fort Washington to Manhattan Island and Fort Lee, New Jersey, defeats that cost settlers more than a quarter of the army soldiers and valuable weapons and military camps. Washington is not responsible for what went wrong. Instead, he advised Congress on his “desire for confidence in the generality of the troops.” Reports of soldiers without continental army shoes leaving bloody footprints in the snow or hungry in a country of fullness are all too accurate.
Take, for example, the Connecticuts Private Martin experience. While in the fall of 1776 he served with the 8th Connecticut Continental Regiment, Martin left for days with little more than a handful of chestnuts and, in one place, a portion of a roasted sheep`s head, remnants of a meal prepared for those he sarcastically called his “gentleman officers.” Ebenezer Wild, a Massachusetts soldier who served at Valley Forge during the terrible winter of 1777-78, remembered that he thrived for days on “a leg of nothingness.” One of his comrades, Dr. Albigence Waldo, a Surgeon in the Continental Army, later reported that many men largely survived on fire cakes (flour and water cooked on coal). One soldier, Waldo wrote, complained that his “gutts stuck on board” are turned. The army`s supply system, at best imperfect, has temporarily collapsed; the result was misery and misery. No event caused the revolution. Rather, it was a series of events that led to the war. In essence, it began as a consensus on how Britain governed the colonies and how the colonies thought they should be treated. The Americans felt that they deserved all the rights of the English. The British, on the other hand, believed that the colonies were created to be used in a way that best suited the Crown and Parliament. This conflict is embodied in one of the collective appeals of the American revolution: “No imposition without representation.” All these abuses that the settlers had with the British government led to the events of the American Revolution.